THE LIBRARY OF THE
AT CHAPEL HILL
THE COLLECTION OF
JOHN SPRUNT HILL
CLASS OF 1889
The First One Hundred Years
Digitized by the Internet Archive
CHRIST MORAVIAN CHURCH:
The First One Hundred Years
Researched and Written
by the Reverend William A. Cranford
Editing and Book Design
by Sarah Overton Johnston Hunter
Published October 1997
by the Centennial Committee
Robert E. Hunter, Chair
John A. Chitty
The Reverend William A. Cranford
Mrs. Cleo Disher (Wife of the late Alvin Disher)
The Reverend Wallace C. Elliott
Sarah O.J. Hunter (Mrs. Robert E.)
Sibyl Johnson (Mrs. Robert L., Jr.)
Sabrina Maksi, Secretary
Louellen Saunders (Mrs. B.W.)
In commemoration of the 100th anniversary
Christ Moravian Church
Organized October 25, 1896
919 Academy Street
Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27101
Cover: Christ Moravian Church from the east side facing Salem, in a snowstorm, circa 1955
This centennial history seeks to tell the story of the origin and
development of the Christ Church congregation.
Material for this history is taken from earlier histories written at
the tenth, fiftieth, and seventy-fifth anniversaries of Christ Church.
Additional material was found in the Archives of the Moravian Church,
Southern Province, and in the records of Christ Church, and in conversa-
tions with individuals with knowledge of the congregation. Every effort has
been made to ensure that the facts are accurate. Any errors should be
noted and corrected when another history is written. Several lists and
other items have been included as appendices which were thought to be of
For assistance in writing the history, I wish to thank the members of
the Centennial Committee, who included the archivists of Christ Church,
Sabrina Maksi and Sybil Johnson (granddaughter and grandmother,
respectively); and especially the work of the editor, Sarah Overton
Johnston Hunter. I also wish to thank the Reverend Vernon R. Nelson,
archivist of the Moravian Church, Northern Province; Dr. C. Daniel Crews
and the staff of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Southern Province;
Mrs. Kathy Walker (now deceased); William H. and Elise Adams for lend-
ing photographs; and others too numerous to mention who have shed some
light on bygone days at Christ Church.
The Reverend William A. Cranford
Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Maria Vogler and George Brietz
whose community survey led to the formation
of the Sunday school in 1893
and to the
Thirty-One Charter Members
who were "at the organization"
of the congregation in 1896.
Christ Church Congregation, date unknown
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Table of Contents
Christ Chapel 1
Christ Church 3
Memorabilia for 1897 7
Memorabilia for 1898 12
First Parsonage 17
Christian Endeavorers 18
"How We Built the Fence..." 19
Selling Lots in Kunvald 21
Mission Workers 22
Self Support 25
Palm Sunday 1920 26
Changes in Christian Education 27
The Half-Century Mark 29
New Parsonage 33
Renovation of the Sanctuary 36
Centennial Courtyard 37
Celebrating the Centennial 39
A. Charter Members of Christ Church .45
B. Living Descendants of Charter Members 46
C. Pastors, Christian Educators, Youth Coordinators,
Mission Workers, 1896-1996 48
D. Letters Concerning Philip Parabel 51
E. Marx Mission Celebration 55
F. Christ Church "Firsts" 56
G. "Footsteps from the Past" 57
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
CHRIST MORAVIAN CHURCH:
The First One Hundred Years
The 1890s saw many new congregations organized in the Southern
Province. Some had thought for a long time that a Sunday school
should be established in that part of Salem known as West Salem.
In 1891 George Brietz and Maria Vogler made a survey of the
community and found 30 or more children interested in attending a
A suitable meeting place could not be found so it was decided to
build a small chapel as an experiment to see whether or not it
would be successful. The chapel consisted of two rooms and an
ante-chamber and seated around 150 people. The 20-by-50 foot
building was located in the general area of the present parsonage, at
the corner of Academy and Green Streets. A coal stove supplied
heat when needed.
Named Christ Chapel but sometimes referred to as the West Salem
Chapel, the building was completed March 18, 1892. Prayer
services, led by Brother John F. McCuiston, were held on Saturday
evenings with the Sunday school meeting on Sundays. At the close
of the Saturday night prayer meeting, a 15-minute song service was
held. The Reverend McCuiston served Christ Chapel as "assistant
missionary pastor" from 1893 to 1896, among his other duties with
A Sunday school was started Palm Sunday, March 26, 1893, as a
branch of the Elm Street Sunday School with an enrollment of 56
John F. McCuiston
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 1
scholars and seven teachers. Brother Eugene A. Ebert served as
temporary superintendent. Howard E. Rondthaler served as
Sunday school superintendent in the summer of 1894 with L. A.
Brietz serving as superintendent until Brother Rondthaler
graduated from Moravian Theological Seminary.
The Elm Street Chapel had been located on what is now Factory
Row, at one time called Elm Street and then South Trade Street.
This chapel was later disbanded with the members processing up
to the Home Church and becoming a part of their Sunday school.
Some, however, came to Christ Chapel.
A dedication service was held on the afternoon of April 9, 1893,
with Bishop Edward Rondthaler presiding, assisted by Brother J.
H. Clewell, then principal of Salem Female Academy.
The first baptism in Christ Chapel took place on June 10, 1893,
when Brother McCuiston baptized Charles Daniel Spainhour.
This may have been the only baptism in Christ Chapel as no other
baptismal record could be found (for the chapel).
As attendance increased, the chapel became too small for the
Sunday school and other arrangements had to be made. A tent was
secured to use on the west side of the chapel. A nearby grove
was equipped with seats and light provided when needed. One
class met on the front porch of the David Robertson home on the
northeast corner of Green and Academy Streets. Several of the
young men built street crossings and purchased a large lamp to
place in front of the chapel. Such solutions were only temporary
and inadequate. A new building was needed.
2 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Work began on a new church sanctuary across the road from Christ
Chapel; and the cornerstone, placed in the foundation of the bell
tower, was laid on Sunday afternoon, July 21, 1895.
From a small sheet of paper found in the Archives comes this list of
articles placed in the cornerstone:
Moravian hymn book
Textbook 1895 (Daily text)
Rules and Regulations of the Salem Congregation
The Wachovia Moravian
The Union Republican (newspaper)
Twin City Daily -Sentinel (newspaper)
History of Christ Chapel
List of Sunday School (members)
Pastors and Boards of Salem Congregation
The "new chapel," with a seating capacity of 350, was completed
by March 1896. The building was constructed by Fogle Brothers,
with the Salem Congregation providing financial aid.
Howard E. Rondthaler was called to be
the first pastor, as an assistant pastor of
the Salem Congregation, and took charge
on July 1, 1896. Brother Rondthaler also
served Fairview, Mayodan, and Moravia
Churches while he was serving Christ
Howard E. Rondthaler
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 3
The consecration of Christ Church took place on the afternoon of
July 18, 1896. Shortly before 4:00 p.m. members of the Sunday
School gathered for the last time in the old chapel and processed
to the new building. Some 600 were present for the service.
Bishop Edward Rondthaler preached the consecration sermon,
using the text I Kings 8:29, "That thine eyes may be open toward
this house day and night, even toward the place of which Thou
hast said, 'My name shall be there! " Music was furnished by a
choir from the Home Church. An offering — amounting to
$47.50 — was received at the end of the service.
Members of the Sunday School began making improvements
around the new building. A coal bin was built by several members
working at night. A group of ladies inaugurated a movement to
purchase carpet for the church. The money was on hand eight
days after the move started.
Christ Moravian Church before addition of Sunday school rooms.
4 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
The congregation was organized October 25, 1896, at 4:00 p.m.
Thirty-one charter members were present. The names of the 3 1
charter members below are listed in the church register (1896-1908)
in the section titled "At the Organization." (See appendix A.)
Mrs. Rosa R. Brewer
L. Albert Brietz
Mrs. Alice Brietz
R. Hillary Church
Mrs. John Doub
Mrs. Lee Hanes
Mrs. James Hedrick
Mrs. Eleanor Jurney
John S. Kimel
Mrs. Ida T. Kimel
Mrs. Harry Mickey
Mrs. Albert Peddycord
Mrs. David Robertson
The organizational service was followed by communion. Robert
Hege Mickey was confirmed and participated in communion for the
During Howard Rondthaler's pastorate (1896-1903), the church
observed a Fireman's Day. The church was decorated with autumn
leaves, flowers, leather fire buckets, trumpets, and nozzles. A
number of the men in the congregation served as volunteer firemen,
and they were seated in the center of the sanctuary. The sermon
theme for the observance was "Put ye on the Lord Jesus Christy
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 5
A West Salem Boys' Club was organized by Pastor Rondthaler,
known as "Mr. Howard." The club had a museum in the north
tower. At a lawn party, items from the museum were brought
down and exhibited in a tent. The club charged six cents for
admission to the exhibit and raised a grand total of $5.65.
Special Section: Two Memorabilia
Written in 1897 and 1898
The memorabilia, written by the pastor and usually read at
a service on New Years Eve, was a review of the year from the
standpoint of the church, the community, and sometimes the world
After individual churches in the Salem Congregation
stopped having their own New Years Eve services, a memorabilia
service was held at the Home Church for many years, with the last
such service held December 31, 1961. Church leaders thought
that, with the advent of more modern communications, the service
had outlived its usefulness.
The following Christ Church memorabilia for 1897 and
1898 apparently were read after the first of the year and deal with
the first two full years of the congregation. They present an inter-
esting and revealing account of the early
years of the life of the congregation and
have not been published previously, to our
knowledge. Some editing was necessary.
Words have been omitted (indicated by an
underline) which could not be read on the
original manuscripts, the only form of the
memorabilia available. Here, then, in the
words of Howard Rondthaler, are accounts
of the first two full years of the life of Christ
Christ Moravian Church, with residences in
background, date unknown.
6 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Christ Church Memorabilia
The first day of the year 1897 was a Friday, and as the old
year passed out with mild weather, so the New Year came in, the
opening week being warm and rainy. The first snow for the year
fell on the 13th day of January but thaw followed very quickly. On
the 17th the opening sermon for the year in Christ Church was
preached from the text, Joshua 3:4: "Ye have not passed this way
heretofore!' The night was a stormy one, but thirty-six faithful
ones braved the rain and were present to the service. With the last
Saturday night in January the C. E. (Christian Endeavor) Prayer
Meeting was moved to Sunday evening before the preaching, a plan
which has proved happily successful.
But ere the month closed, we had held our first funeral for
the new year in the neighborhood, burying the infant Edward Ellis
Morgan, the son of Mr. Thomas and Mrs. Emma Morgan.
February was a quiet month, the usual services continuing,
but with nothing marked to make it notable. The Boys' and Girls'
Friendly half-hours were held, and together with the Men's hour on
Wednesday nights were encouraging features of the month's work.
On the 5th Geo. W. Sink, infant son of Mr. Cicero and Mrs. Julia
Sink, was buried. Towards the close of the month we commenced
practising for our anniversary.
The first infant baptized in Christ Church was Caroline
Marie Brietz in connection with the morning service on March 7.
The long looked forward to anniversary (of the Sunday
School) was happily celebrated on the night of Saturday, 26th of
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 7
March. The weather was sharp and cold, five hundred persons
were present to enjoy the programme of song and recitation. The
first collection toward the Bell Fund was gathered, amounting to
$7.00. On the next evening the Endeavorers, then in District
Convention, gathered in large numbers with us to the evening ser-
mon which was on the text "Behold I have set before you an open
door!' (Revelation 3:8)
With the opening days of April our Sunday School lost an
earnest worker in the removal to Goldsboro with his family of Mr.
Thomas Siddall, formerly teacher of the Men's Bible class....
Palm Sunday, the 11th of April, was a happy day for Christ
Church. At the afternoon service four persons were added to our
membership: By reception, Mrs. James Hedrick from M.P.
Church, Winston. By confirmation: Frank T. Disher, and by adult
baptism Albert Wesley Peddicord (sic) and James E. Hedrick.
On the following Thursday the pastor married Ernest
Shepherd and Lizzie Robertson.
On the first evening in May we had the smallest prayer
meeting I can remember in Christ Church. The night was very
stormy. Just twelve persons, the apostolic number, were present.
The morning of the fourth Sunday in May was given to a welcome
service in the Home Church to which the various Moravian
Sunday Schools in Salem and Winston attended. Christ Church
Sunday School presented a fine appearance as it marched over.
The pastor of Christ Church preached a twelve minute sermon on
July 4th falling in 1897 on a Sunday, a special service was
held that night in Christ Church which was decorated for the occa-
sion with flags and bunting. The pastor was assisted in the service
8 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
by the Bros Brietz, Robert Mickey, Sam Pfaff, Emelius Brewer and
Harry Mickey. The annual Sunday School picnic took place on
Thursday, July 22nd. And although July was a rainy month, we
were blessed with a fine day. The picnic was a thoroughly happy
one, and we especially enjoyed the presence with us of many
mothers and little ones.
All during the month of July many were busy preparing for
the special entertainment given on the evening of the 6th of August
in the Boys School House.
Altho' the night was a very bad one our friends stood by us
and the chapel was nicely filled with an audience which seemed to
thoroughly enjoy the program. About $20.00 was added to the bell
fund. The committee on arrangements was Miss Minnie Mickey,
Miss Jesse Daub, Mrs. Harry Mickey, Mr. Brietz and Mr. Sam
At the Annual Conference held during August in Providence
Church, this organization was represented by the brethren Brietz,
Robinson, and J.R. Transou.
On the very first Sunday in August, an alarming accident
happened near the church to Mr. John Brown who seriously cut his
hand on a feed cutter. On Sunday August 15 Elsie Ernestina, infant
daughter of Br. and Sr. Granville Nading, was baptized in the
On the next day we gathered with the sorrowing family at
the funeral of little Howard Hampton McCoin.
On the 5th of Oct. John Transou and Miss Sallie Parker and
on the 27th Charles Reich and Miss Lilly Pegram were united in
holy matrimony. With the middle of October came the Fireman's
Sunday morning service toward which old and young had looked
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 9
forward with much interest. The church was tastefully decorated,
special features being the fireman's trumpet nozzles, a helmet
from the older time and three ancient leather firebuckets. The day
was fine and clear, the audience large, and the attention excellent.
The text for the discourse was Romans 13:14, "But put ye on the
Lord Jesus Christ!'
On the 21st a very happy triple baptism was held at the
home of Br. John Kimel in the presence of some 35 friends. The
children baptized were Gray, Isabelle Elizabeth, and
On the next morning a very encouraging members meet-
ing, the first one ever held in Christ Church, gathered twenty-four
in the rooms to the rear. The following brethren were elected
Councilmen for one year: Robertson, Brietz and Jurney.
With the day before Thanksgiving the Christmas practicing
commenced and was faithfully continued until the concert took
place. The Thanksgiving decoration was a great success to the
delight of the many, some of them very little ones who helped in
arranging its vegetables and various flowers. Thanksgiving
service was held on Friday night, Nov. 26th amidst torrents of
rain. Not very many were present but we who were gathered in
the beautified sanctuary greatly enjoyed the happy service.
On the Tuesday following a helpful company of boys, with
wagons and wheelbarrows and much laughter and merriment,
carried their Thanksgiving offering to the Salem Home.
With December everything began to look towards
Christmas time. On the nights of Tuesday 7th and Friday 10th
quite a company of men helped in the various improvements
around the church grounds.
10 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Tho' Sunday the 19th was a threatening day, a large congre-
gation was gathered to welcome our guests, the Jr. Order United
American Mechanics who occupied the center of the building.
$6.58 was added to the Bell Fund. The morning sermon was
preached from the text "And behold the Lord stood on a wall made
by a plumbline with a P.L. in his hand." (Amos 7:7)
Monday night the 20th was a busy evening, in connection
with the decoration for Christmas which we are still enjoying.
Some 35 members and friends lent willing help.
The Christmas concert on the night of 21st is still happily
fresh in our minds. Our many friends have no words but those of
praise for the splendid entertainment.
On the next evening, the pastor married Rufus Pfaff and
Miss Emma Davis. The night following, he baptized Howard C.
Disher, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Ham Disher and on the third last
night of the year married Walter Dillon and Miss Maggie
The statistics of Christ Church congregation and Sunday
School, as follows:
Officers and Teachers 12
The first parsonage, early photo.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 11
Christ Church Memorabilia
1899! Before many days, these figures which may now
seem not a little strange, and have an unfamiliar sound about
them, will have become as familiar as are now the figures 1898.
However, before the old year with all its experiences has entirely
passed to that point where it becomes like any other year gone
by — one of many with no thing to especially distinguish it from
the next, we will pause to briefly review its history as connected
with the interests of Christ Church.
Although New Year's Eve 1897 was warm and moist, the
opening days of 1898 were quite sharp and cold, giving about the
only opportunity to harvest ice which the winter afforded. As the
year began on a Saturday, the first service held in Christ Church
was a prayer meeting held on the evening of New Year's Day.
On Sunday night January the second, a large congregation
was in attendance. Upon the New Year's sermon preached from
the text "In the beginning God... etc." With the third Sunday in
January the Sunday School attendance passed the 150 mark.
With the opening of the month of February, our neighbor-
hood was saddened over the death of an esteemed citizen, Mr.
Wm. Madison, who was buried on Monday, Feb. 7th.
With the third week in Feb., the classes were opened for
instruction in Christian living along the lines suggested by the
catechism. These classes were continued until Palm Sunday and
were the means of deepening the spiritual lives of not a few; six
groups were gathered: younger and older boys, girls and young
12 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
women, mothers and fathers, the attendance upon each of these
classes averaged about ten. Strange to say, the attendance of the
Mothers Class was the smallest of all.
Our largest congregation during March was gathered to hear
a sermon by our good friend Dr. H. A. Brown of Winston who on
this occasion exchanged pulpits with the pastor of Christ Church.
On March 15th I noticed the first apricot tree in blossom
and by the 20th, owing to the extremely mild weather, many of the
pear trees were in full blossom and signs of the green leaves were
even beginning to show themselves on the elm and other earlier
During March, by order of the trustees, two streets were laid
off to the south and west of the church, the former being a prolon-
gation of Academy Street; the latter receiving the name Hunter
Avenue, this being part of a plan to develop the neighborhood of
Christ Church as a desirable residential section of West Salem.
(On the) 21st the new parsonage was staked off, and shortly
after active work upon the building was commenced.
Palm Sunday came early in April and was an important day
in our church life.
At 4:30 p.m. the service of baptism, confirmation and recep-
tion was held, seven souls being added to our communicant mem-
bership. During the Holy Week which followed, household com-
munions for the sick were held at the homes of Br. Lee Hanes and
Sr. Johnson. On Friday, April 22 we were thrilled with the news
that the war with Spain had actually commenced. During April
some work was done on the grounds by members and friends of
Christ Church. Much, however, still remains to be done, and we
hope with the new year to take a strong hold upon this portion of
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 13
the Church work.
With the coming of May, the plan of holding our prayer
meeting on alternate Wed. and Sat. nights proved more successful
than any previous month.
With this month the household prayer meetings were
resumed. These were invariably good meetings, the attendance
often being very large and the willingness to take part, most
encouraging. At one service, I noticed that twenty out of 33 pre-
sent took an active part in the meeting.
Tuesday May 24th was a sad day for our community as on
that day we laid to rest the remains of our Brother Christian Fogle,
suddenly called away in the midst of an active and busy life and a
man affectionately connected with many in this new building.
Our annual flower service was held early in June and we
enjoyed together the beautiful decoration of roses and daisies.
During the second half of this month the pastor was unable
to carry on his work on account of sickness. Kindly help was ren-
dered by other brethren of the ministry. Especially did I appreciate
the many visits I received during this time from members and
friends of this church.
With the middle of July we reached the end of the life of
Christ which (had been) our prayer meeting theme which had
occupied two years less one month.
For the first time since our work was started in 1893 the
Sunday School picnic was interfered with by rain, which necessi-
tated its postponement from Thursday, Aug. 18th to the
To be sure on this day a sharp shower interfered somewhat
with the lovefeast, but nevertheless the day was a great success.
Thro' the kindness of team owners, we were able to take a wagon
14 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
ride this year, our destination being Ogburns Springs, three miles
north of Salem.
With September we closed the series of talks on Samson
and took the life of Daniel.
On Saturday the 4th our oldest citizen passed away, the ven-
erable Daniel Powers, aged 89 years, known to all and
esteemed by us all.
A very hearty and delightful welcome service was held on
Monday night the 23rd of October, gathering the whole neighbor-
hood in affectionate and loving greetings to the pastor and his wife,
upon the occasion of their homecoming. On the 2nd last day of the
month the first funeral ever held in Christ Ch. occurred. Sister
Rosa Sink, aged 54 years, was buried from the church, her service
being held previous to the morning session of the Sunday school.
November was made a glad month in our church life by the
reception of six members into our fellowship, making a total of 15
added during the year. On this same Sunday which was the first of
the month, the mission envelope plan was inaugurated. Two weeks
later these envelopes were gathered with $12.39 as a freewill offer-
Thanksgiving is always a bright season in Christ Church
and this year proved no exception. At the evening service on the
Sunday preceding we greatly enjoyed having with us Rev. Dr.
, of the M.E. (Methodist Episcopal) Church in North
Carolina. The day itself was opened in a very pleasing manner by a
special Thanksgiving celebration. Thanksgiving and Xmas seemed
very closely linked. Our special practicing commenced on the day
before Thanksgiving and was faithfully continued up to the very
day of the entertainment with the result that this year's celebration
was by far the year's most successful which was ever given, and
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 15
thus 1898 has passed away swiftly like a tale that is told, but we
feel that in our church life it has been under God's blessing, a
profitable and a happy year. During 1898 the pastor preached in X
(Christ) Church 22 times. In addition 6 other preaching services
were held. The average attendance has been 108. He has held 32
prayer meetings with an average (attendance of) 43 and paid 640
visits endeavoring to make a due proportion of these among the X
Ch. (Christ Church) neighborhood.
The membership of X (Christ Church) at the close of 1898
is as follows:
The Christian Endeavor number 20 active members.
The Sunday School = 184.
During the year there has been gathered for missions
The Sunday School met all expenses and showed a slight
We have had a bell fund amounting to $48.50.
Infant baptisms: Constance Gertrude Shepherd, Karl
Alonso Pfaff, Myrtle C. Peddicord (sic), Bernard Jacob Mickey,
Elmo Adelaide Collins, Julia Ann Brewer, Howard Edward
Brewer, Ruth Marie Transou 8
Adult baptisms: Cordie Madison, Maggie Robertson 2
Confirmation: Nettie Doub, Ermie Pfaff, Ollie Disher,
Edwin Raymond Brietz, Albert Glover
Reception: Mrs. Johnson Louisa Brendle, Miss Phoebe
Brendle, Mr. Hamilton Disher, Mrs. Annie Disher, Mr. Gideon
Pfaff, Mrs. Addie Pfaff, Mrs. Katherine Rondthaler 8
Marriages: Miss Clara Kimel to Mr. Gustav Madison
Deaths in neighborhood: Daniel Powers, Wm. Madison,
Howard Thompson, Rosa Sink, Harry Tesh
16 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
FIRST PARSONAGE, FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS
A decision was made to build a parsonage on the knoll
where Christ Chapel had been located. The chapel build-
ing, having served its purpose and outlived its usefulness,
was sold. It was moved to a lot behind the site of the par-
sonage and, remodeled, stands as a residence at 618 South
The first parsonage, later photo.
April 1899 saw a large increase in Sunday school attendance.
From an average of 1 30 at the beginning of the month, it rose to
200 members by the end of the month. The increase was attributed
to visitation of the scholars and others in the neighborhood by the
teachers. Thus the congregation continued reaching out into the
New groups were organized to meet the needs of various groups
within the church. "To every man his work" could well have been
the motto for the congregation. In addition to the work of visiting
done by the Sunday school teachers, the Neighborhood Circle
worked on projects and a group of young ladies in the church
specialized in visiting the sick. Another group took charge of flow-
ers for the church. The younger boys banded together to work on
the church grounds.
The neighborhood circle was organized on February 12, 1899, with
Mrs. Lee Hanes as the secretary. A carpet for a back room in the
church was made from some rags donated by Ed Butner. A quilt
was made for the Salem Home in the parsonage "garret" (attic).
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 1 7
At a church meeting held in September, 1899, the pastor read out
the name of each member, except the sick or those prevented by
home duties, to assign each person to some form of definite work.
The assignments were made under the direction of the Board of
In the Lenten season of 1900, six meetings were held each
Wednesday night with the idea that each church member should
become more familiar with the doctrines in the catechism. Most
of the meetings were informal. Someone remarked that these
services were better than the preaching services. By April, much
interest was shown in these meetings, so they were held for seven
consecutive nights. It was reported that the Word was received
with earnestness beyond anything that had thus far been
experienced in the three-year history of the congregation.
CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR GROUP ORGANIZED
The Christian Endeavor group, for many years the youth organiza-
tion of the church, was first organized at Christ Church on July 17,
1901. Four volunteers from this group went out on Sunday after-
noons to help with the Sunday School at Wachovia Arbor Church,
located next to what is now the Triad United Methodist Retirement
Home, Arbor Acres. The "arbor" is still there, and the graveyard,
but the church building was destroyed by fire some years ago and
the congregation has disbanded.
During the season of Lent in 1918, the Young People's Christian
Endeavor Group was reorganized with Mrs. R. W. Pfaff as
superintendent. Officers elected for that year were
18 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Hollis Pfaff, president; Gladys Pfaff, vice president; William
Stewart, secretary; and Collie Johnson, treasurer.
The work of the Christian Endeavorers is still remembered. The
group's name appears on the granite steps formerly used at the
front door of the church and now a part of the Centennial
IMPROVEMENTS TO THE CHURCH PROPERTY
The congregation continued to make improvements to the church
property. Another "find" among the old records of the church is
this story, written by an unknown author:
"How We Built the Fence Around
We were anxious to get a nice lawn around our
church, but could not do much toward it, as we had no
fence around the lot. People would drive across the lot
in order to cut off corners; cows would sometimes be
grazed on the lot; and chickens and dogs would use it
as a playground. But how were we to make about
eleven hundred feet of fence around this lot? It would
cost considerable money to put up that much fence.
At last, in a members' meeting, someone suggest-
ed that we take a fund which we had been saving to
buy a new bell with, and use it for part payment of the
fence. This suggestion was adopted.
The next thing was to raise the balance by
subscriptions among the members, and by collections.
We did not give any supper or concert, as we did not
believe in raising money that way.
The next step was to decide what kind of fence to
make, and where to get the material. A wire fence
Christ Moravian Church, with fence.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 19
seemed to be the kind every one wanted and several orna-
mental fence advertisements were answered. The commit-
tee had not decided which one to select, when a representa-
tive of one of the companies came here, and made the
committee a very low offer on his wire, in order to intro-
duce it in this town. The offer was accepted, and after-
wards the posts and railings were purchased.
The committee decided it would be a good plan to
dip the posts into a preparation of tar, in order to keep
them from rotting so quick. A large iron kettle was hauled
to the church lot, into which this tar was put. One night
after supper, a number of boys and men gathered together
to do this work. A fire was built under the kettle and,
when the tar began to boil, the posts were dipped into it.
Some said we were cooking maple syrup, others said it
was soup; but no one wanted to eat any of it.
Various parties bid on putting up the fence, and one
bid was selected by the committee. After this the fence
was soon finished, and everyone seems to be proud of it.
(A list found with the article shows the names of 19 people
who agreed to pay amounts ranging from 25 cents to ten
dollars for the " improvement of Christ Church grounds' 9
on or before July 15, 1902.)
On July 6, 1902, the Sunday school picnic was held at Nissen Park
in Waughtown. In the afternoon a lovefeast was held, and more
than 350 people were served.
Electric lights were turned on in the church on October 25, 1903.
The lights were a sesquicentennial offering marking the 150th
anniversary of the beginning of the Moravian Church in North
Carolina and the seventh anniversary of the congregation. Lights
were added to the parsonage in 1905.
20 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
An organ, with four sets of reeds, fifteen stops, and a side pump,
was placed in the church in 1905. The first organist for Christ
Church was Samuel A. Pfaff. Some time later Carl Pfaff and
Kenneth Nading were elected to be organ pumpers.
LAND OPENED FOR USE
Land to the west and southwest of the church was opened for build-
ing lots in 1906. Water and sewer were provided for the area. This
tract of about 100 acres was the largest single remaining undevel-
oped property of the original Wachovia purchase which belonged
to Salem Congregation.
The development of the Granville properties had been recommend-
ed by the Board of Elders at Christ Church several years before
this. The forthcoming resolution was made by the Board of Elders:
Resolved that the Board of Elders hereby request the
Board of Trustees to recommend to the Central Board
of Trustees to sell the lots of Kunwald as soon as prac-
From the Minutes, Board of Elders, January 25, 1910
The area was named "Kunwald" (Kunvald) after the first
community of the ancient Moravian Unity but was later changed to
"Granville Place," after the Earl of Granville who sold the
Wachovia tract to the Moravians in 1753. Later, in 1940, more of
the land south of Granville School, known as the "Christ Church
Woods," was sold with lots ranging in price from $350 to $500.
The land west of the school was opened for development at a later
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 21
MISSION WORKERS SUPPORTED
In December 1906, Christ Church chose to begin the support of a
mis son worker in another country. After some consideration,
Philip Parabel in Surinam was chosen. The practice of supporting
someone in mission service was continued by the congregation for
many years. In 1922 Brother Fred T. and Sister Anna B. Schwalbe
and their daughter, Anna Gertrude, were chosen as missionaries to
Alaska. In 1949, Christ Church began assisting Dr. Samuel B.
Marx, a medical missionary, and his wife Grace, in their service in
Central and South America. (See Appendices D and E.)
At a meeting on January 12, 1909, the Board of Elders worked out
a schedule for communions and lovefeasts: Communion services
would be held the fourth Sunday in January at the morning ser-
vice; Maundy Thursday at night; Whit Sunday in the morning; the
Sunday evening nearest August 13; and the Sunday morning near-
est the church anniversary, October 25. Lovefeasts would be held
the first Sunday in June; the Sunday nearest October 25; and on
Christmas Day at 4:00 p.m.
At a service in 1909, the presidential proclamation establishing
Thanksgiving Day was read, an address was given by Bishop
Edward Rondthaler, and an offering of $4.79 was given to the
hospital (perhaps the former hospital on Oak Street). "About a
one horse load" of groceries was sent to the Salem Home.
At a Church Council held in 1910, plans were made to improve
the church grounds, a continuing problem for the congregation. A
22 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
landscape gardener was to be consulted. Trees on the lot surround-
ing the church were to be sold to the highest bidder. At a later
Church Council, the trustees were instructed to build a concrete
wall on Academy and Green Streets at a cost of $828.
In 1910 a canvass for Foreign Missions was made by Raymond
Brietz, Robert Church, Frank Grover, Samuel Pfaff, Lindsay Raker,
Henry Hanes, Granville Nading, Frank Disher, Fred Hege, and
Charles Lashmit. Pledges of $166.47 were obtained.
Around 1911-1913 participation in prayer meetings was not as
evident as in the days of Christ Chapel, but in the days of the
chapel only prayer meeting and Sunday School were held. As the
congregation grew larger, more organization and reorganization
came about as the second generation began to emerge.
Improvements continued to be made on the church building, includ-
ing the addition of a lower platform in the church sanctuary.
W. E. Beisiegel and his wife arrived at Christ Church in June 1912
after leaving Bluefields, Nicaragua because of his wife's health.
After more than four years as pastor of Christ Church, he and his
wife left on April 26, 1916, for Brooklyn, New York, where he
became the pastor of the Moravian congregation on Jay Street.
The year 1914 saw the largest increase in church membership up to
that time. This was the year that Granville School — with a remark-
ably modern feature, an indoor swimming pool — was completed.
Today Granville Place, which provides housing for older adults, is
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 23
located on the site of the former school. Several members of
Christ Church reside there and participate actively in the life of the
The construction of new homes continued the development of the
Granville area and gave new opportunities for the growth of the
The first church library opened March 1, 1915, with more than
400 books cataloged and arranged for use. The church library
continued for many years but was discontinued after improve-
ments in the Forsyth County library system and the institution of
the Resource Center made it less useful.
J. Kenneth Pfohl
An effort was made to free the church from debt during the time
Brother E. H. Stockton served as interim pastor. On September 3,
1916, J.K. Pfohl, a former pastor, preached at the evening service
on I Corinthians 16:2: "On the first day of every week, each of
you is to put something aside, as he may prosper, so that contribu-
tions need not be in vain when I corner Two-thirds of the congre-
gation pledged between $500 and $600 toward the support of the
A Boy Scout Troop was organized November 23, 1916, as Troop
6. The troop constitution stated that the troop would have 15 and
not more than 17 members. Robert Grunert was the scoutmaster.
24 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
The Christ Church band was the first band to be organized in
the Salem Congregation after Home Church, playing for the first
time at the Easter Sunrise Service in 1918.
Services at the church were cancelled during the month of
October 1918, because of the epidemic of "Spanish influenza."
Six thousand cases of this flu were reported in the city during
the epidemic. Services resumed in November but evening ser-
vices were cancelled December 8, 15, and 22 as 50 cases were
reported in the congregation.
Christ Church Band,
A STEP TOWARD SELF-SUPPORT
A mass meeting of the men of the church (48 in number) was held
February 19, 1919. The result was the unanimous adoption of the
Be it resolved that Christ Church, having now reached the
age of 22, and having a membership of more than 300,
wish to thank the Central Board of Trustees for the aid so
freely and generously given this congregation in the past
and realize that the aid given us might be used to help in
weaker places, desires to go on record as not only willing
but glad to assume a larger amount of the obligation
resting upon the Salem Congregation and, God being our
helper, do pledge ourselves to be fully self-supporting by
June 30, 1923. In the meantime, we further pledge our-
selves to put in improvements at Christ Church amounting
to not less than $5,000. Meanwhile our understanding is as
follows: that you will continue for Christ Church expenses
$775 for four years after this year, after which no further
assistance will be asked; all additional expenses to be paid
for by Christ Church.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 25
ADDITIONAL SPACE NEEDED
The church members now faced the same problem they had earlier
faced with Christ Chapel: Sunday school membership had grown
larger and additional classrooms were needed.
Edgar A. Holton
A contract was given to Fogle Brothers for the Sunday school
annex, as it was designated at the time, on the evening of August
29, 1919. Then the Sunday school rooms behind the church were
removed and on October 31, 1919, Brother Edgar A. Holton, now
pastor, laid the first brick for the new wing. When the new class-
rooms were added, the roof needed to be higher than the original
sanctuary. Instead of raising the roof, a new room was built over
the old one. The total cost of the building amounted to more than
$27,000. In celebration of the completion of the new wing, a song
was sung in Sunday school by only those who had been present 27
years before. Forty members were able to qualify.
In 1919 the Ladies' Aid decided to publish a church directory. This
is thought to have been the first Christ Church directory published.
PALM SUNDAY 1920
Forty-five people were received into the membership of the
congregation on Palm Sunday, March 20, 1920.
Eleven joined by adult baptism: Ethel L. Lashmit, Ruth M.
Lashmit, Maggie L. Spaugh, Lizzie L. Sappenfield, Isabelle
Everhart, Bertha Alma Collins, John D. Collins, Hal B. Nifong,
Herman O. Edwards, Jerry W. Rippy, and Sidney R. Shore.
26 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
Eleven joined by the rite of confirmation: Ruth S. Holton, Ruby J.
Kimel, Pauline H. Spainhour, Saplna S. Anderson, Mary A. Eccles,
Mary D. Hedrick, Fred C. Disher, J. Winfred Pfaff, Herman E.
McCully, Orlando L. Patterson, and Jessie V. Pitts.
Twenty-three joined by letter of transfer: Rufus H. Cottrell, Ella
May Cottrell, John N. Minish, Percy Lee Minish, Roy R. Hoffman,
Maude Hoffman, H. F. Anderson, Etta M. Anderson, Holland R.
Anderson, Walter Ward, Mary A. Wood, Catherine Evelyn Wood,
William N. Evans, Horace P. Chatham Sr., James W. Joyce, Laura
E. Hill, Flora Ann Blackburn, Gertrude Chitty, Lula M. Phelps,
F. Susan Nifong, Gladys E. Brandon, Ethel M. Buie, and Annie
CHANGES IN CHRISTIAN EDUCATION
The year 1924 brought "modern Sunday School trends" to the
church. A Junior Department was organized separately from the
rest of the Sunday School, meeting in the west end of the church
basement. Seven classrooms were made available by using wooden
partitions to set the rooms apart.
At one time the Junior Department sang from hymns printed on
window shades. To sing a hymn, the department superintendent
would pull down the shades for the words of the hymn.
The coming in 1924 of Brother Carl J. Helmich as pastor saw more
developments in Christian education. His interest in the newly
developing field led to further developments along this line.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 27
Carl J. Helmich
Bishop Pfohl later stated that he had sought to get Pastor Helmich
for this reason.
The first "Daily Vacation Bible School" was held from June 20-
July 1, 1927 with an average attendance of 141. The only other
Bible school held that year in the Southern Province was at the
In the 1930s, when extra meeting space was needed for the
Sunday School, a class met in the furnace room. Old pews were
placed in a corner of the room and lights were strung up. The floor
was unpaved then.
Now that Christ Church had better educational facilities, a
program was needed to make the best use of it. A Board of
Christian Education for Christ Church was created on October 17,
1933 that was to be "responsible for the organization and adminis-
tration of the program of Christian Education in the church."
Upon recommendation of the Board of Elders, five people were
chosen to serve on the board: J.O. Saunders Sr., C. M. Hedrick,
Hal Nifong, Mrs. Charles Lashmit, and Mrs. R.E. Grunert.
A Girl Scout troop was organized at Christ Church October 27,
1933, with ten members. Leaders for the troop were Helen Carter,
Mae Bostic, and Mary Ebert. This is the earliest reference to a
Girl Scout troop found in researching the history of the church. On
several occasions in the 1990s, Beulah (Mrs. Paul) Smith has been
28 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
recognized for more than 50 years of dedicated leader-
ship and service to the Girl Scout troop at Christ Church.
Midweek services were well-attended in 1937.
Following the 45 -minute prayer service, Mrs. Helmich
gave a teacher-training course for another 45 minutes
with an average attendance of more than 50 people. This
was also the last year of Pastor Helmich 's pastorate at
Christ Church. His last service was January 2, 1938, concluding
the longest pastorate at Christ Church during its first century,
having served from August 1924 to January 1938.
Early Girl Scout troop.
Frank Terry, an African- American, served as janitor for a number of
years. In addition to cleaning the church, he fired the coal furnace,
cut the grass, and rang the bell on Sunday mornings. At that time,
the choir was seated downstairs in the sanctuary; sometimes Mr.
Terry and his wife would sit in the balcony for the church service.
APPROACHING THE HALF-CENTURY MARK
The congregation continued to change from a neighborhood church
to an area church as many families and children of members moved
to other areas within the city. New members also came in from
different neighborhoods. By 1940 Christ Church was the third
largest congregation in the Southern Province; only Home Church
and Calvary were larger. Vernon I. Graf served as pastor from 1938
to 1945. The pastorate of Samuel J. Tesch began in 1945 and
concluded in 1952.
Vernon I. Graf
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 29
The 50th anniversary of the congregation was observed October
27, 1946, with Holy Communion at the 11:00 a.m. service and the
anniversary lovefeast at 4:00 p.m. Bishop Howard E. Rondthaler,
the first pastor, helped to launch the congregation for the next 50
years. All living former pastors were present except Brother
Above, Christ Church as it appeared in 1946.
30 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
FOUR ELECTED BISHOPS
Four pastors of Christ Church have been elected bishops of the
Moravian Church: Howard E. Rondthaler, J. Kenneth Pfohl, Carl J.
Helmich, and Samuel J. Tesch. (See Appendix C.)
The physical improvements of 1941 were probably the most exten-
sive in and around the church until the 1991 renovation. A concrete
drive to the Sunday school building was completed. New sidewalks
were laid around the church and a walk from the Bank Street
entrance to the street was added. An acoustical ceiling was
installed and the sanctuary was redecorated. Art glass memorial
windows had been recently placed in the sanctuary. These many
changes were recognized at a service on May 18, 1941.
In 1941 a quartet from Christ Church known as the Vesper Singers
had a regularly scheduled radio program on Sunday afternoon. The
program was known as "Sunday Reveries." Singing in the quartet
were Phyllis Tesh (Rucker), soprano; Marie Chitty (Bennett), alto;
John H. Bryant, tenor; and William A. Cranford, bass. Mrs.
Evangeline Graf, wife of Pastor Vernon Graf, directed the group.
The Vesper Singers also sang at services in area churches. The
group was singing at radio station WAIR on the afternoon of
Sunday, December 7, 1941, when news came about the attack on
Pearl Harbor by the Japanese.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 31
THE FELLOWSHIP BUILDING
In the late 1940s, a group of young adults, calling themselves
Transa-Moravia, was instrumental in promoting the drive for a
new building on the corner of Academy Street and Granville
Drive. They designed and constructed the Fellowship Building on
the land across Hunter Avenue from the main church building.
As an outgrowth of the first
Young Married Peoples'
Conference at Camp
Transylvania, the Transa-
Moravia group was organized
August 8, 1947, at a meeting
in Granville Park. In addition
to constructing the Fellowship
Building, they sponsored
other projects such as provid-
ing robes for the youth choir.
The last meeting of the
Transa-Moravia group was
held in January 1958.
Members from the group
formed the present Sam Marx
Sunday School class.
Top, Transa-Moravia camping trip.
Middle left, Fund-raising dinner at the Belo Home.
Middle right, Dedication of Fellowship Building.
Lower left, Kitchen Committee, circa 1949.
32 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
At about the same time, Brother Tesch was active in promoting
mission work and helped to choose Dr. Samuel Marx and his wife
Grace, as the missionary family to be supported by
the congregation. The Marxes were the last to
serve under such an arrangement. Today the
Marxes, now retired, are active members of the
Christ Church congregation.
During the pastorate of the Reverend John H.
Johansen (1952-1956), a Men of the Church group
was organized. Seating for the choir was moved to
the balcony of the sanctuary, and pews were placed
in the area formerly occupied by the choir. Brother Johansen led
several outstanding Bible studies during his pastorate, leaving in
1956 to join Salem College. In 1953, Alton F. Pfaff was elected to
the Provincial Elders' Conference, Southern Province, the first
member of Christ Church to be elected to that board.
The Marx family.
A NEW PARSONAGE, AN ORGAN, AND
In September 1957, the Reverend J. Calvin Barnes became the
pastor. The membership of the church increased in these years and
continued to grow during his pastorate, 1957-1965. Two morning
worship services were held from June through September.
During the early years of his pastorate, a fire destroyed the double
garage behind the parsonage. This building had a room on the
second floor which was used as a meeting place for the Boy Scout
and Girl Scout troops.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 33
A decision was made to replace the parsonage. A new parsonage,
built on the site of the former one, was occupied on March 12,
1958 by the Barnes family. The mortgage for the parson-
age was paid off and a note-burning ceremony was held
Palm Sunday, March 26, 1961.
Youth choir, Jeanie Smith
The year 1958 marked the ordination of Clyde G. Barber
as a deacon in the Moravian Church. He entered the
ministry after his retirement from his work as a railroad
conductor. Another member, the Reverend Robert W.
Woosley Jr., was received into the Moravian ministry on July 13
of the same year. He formerly had been ordained in another
In 1961 a Moeller pipe organ was installed in the church sanctuary
and a dedicatory recital was performed in August. Air condition-
ing was installed in the church in July, 1961.
THE MILLER HOUSE
The house on the northwest corner of Hunter Avenue and
Academy Street which had belonged to the Eugene Miller family
was purchased in 1964 for $10,000. At first used for Sunday
School classrooms, it was later removed and the site sown in
grass. The Rodman L. King house on the same block was pur-
chased and its site was made into a parking lot in 1966.
The house and former store building belonging to the Hauser fam-
ily at 502 Hunter Avenue came into the hands of the congregation
and the house was remodeled to serve as offices. The pastor and
34 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
church staff have offices there, and meetings of the trustees and
other groups are held there.
John Walker, who had served as a summer assistant in 1960, was
installed as pastor on February 6, 1966. The church newsletter
appeared and has continued through the years under different
names, today appearing under the banner of The Fellowship
The Reverend and Mrs.
John M. Walker
During this time more consideration was given to the Christian
education program of the congregation. In time the congregation
saw the need for assistance with Christian education and youth
workers. Brother David Smith was called as an associate pastor
and served during the pastorates of Harold W. Durham (1975-1978)
and Richard L. Sides (1978-1981).
FROM PASTOR TO ORGANIST
James V. Salzwedel served the congregation as organist before
being installed as pastor on September 26, 1982.
Richard L. Sides
During the 1980s a number of provincial gatherings were held at
Christ Church, including the monthly meetings of the First Family
Prayer Group and the Moravian Clergy and Christian Educators
Brother Salzwedel inaugurated the West Salem Concert Series
which brought musicians to the church and community. Some of
the musicians had connections with the West Salem neighborhood,
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 35
James V. Salzwedel
and the concerts provided an opportunity for the congregation to
enjoy various kinds of music. The programs were usually held in
the Schwalbe Room. At the time, Troy Gordon, a student at the
North Carolina School of the Arts, was serving as organist for
Christ Church and gave a solo recital as part of this program.
A number of Christ Church members joined the Hussite Bell
Ringers, a community handbell group conducted by pastor
THE RENOVATION OF THE SANCTUARY
For many years plans had been proposed and discussed for making
changes in the church sanctuary, none of which had been imple-
mented. In 1990, under Brother Salzwedel's leadership, the
assistance of Doug Hurlburt, an architect and a Moravian, was
secured to plan how best this should be done, working with a com-
mittee of church members chaired by Josephine Hoffman Brown.
Renovations to the back of the church building (behind the sanctu-
ary) had been made earlier.
This was Brother Hurlbert's first work for a Moravian congrega-
tion. He serves as a member of the Board of Evangelism and
Home Missions for the Southern Province.
During the renovation period, the congregation met for worship in
the Fellowship Building. The pews were removed from the sanc-
tuary, refinished and replaced on new carpet. The rich plum color
of the carpet was chosen by a vote of the congregation. Indirect
lighting was installed behind crown moulding below the beaded-
id Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
board ceiling, revealed after acoustic ceiling tiles were removed.
A new wooden arch, reflecting the shape of the sanctuary
doors and accented with a keystone carved with a Moravian
star, was installed on the wall behind the pulpit, surround-
ing the existing cross. Flower tables were built into each
side of the arch. The pews, door frames, mouldings, and
the rail around the choir loft in the balcony were stained
a rich walnut shade similar to the arch. The loft for the
choir was extended and enclosed by glass panels topped
by a wooden rail; the extensions were added to provide
more space for soloists and instrumentalists. Shutters
were placed in the bell tower and a stained glass win-
dow, depicting the Lamb and the Cross, was placed in
the tower. Provision was made for the Advent star to
hang in the middle of the sanctuary rather than over the pulpit.
Total cost of the renovation was $314,658.50.
THE CENTENNIAL COURTYARD DEDICATION AND
The Centennial Courtyard, constructed on the east side of the
sanctuary as part of the 1990 renovation, was made possible in part
by a contribution from the family of Alton and Georgia Pfaff .
Granite steps which had been located at one time at the main
entrance on Academy Street were used to form stone benches for
seating. The former steps are marked with the words "Junior
Endeavorers" and "1906" referring to the name of the first church
youth organization established in the early 1900s.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 37
A large, round marker identifying the area as the Centennial
Courtyard was placed in the center of the paved area. Flowers and
shrubbery were planted around the perimeter of the courtyard by
Wilhelmina Breedlove Cranford, wife of the Reverend William A.
Cranford and daughter-in-law of Hollis Pfaff Cranford. On June
11, 1995, Trinity Sunday, the courtyard was dedicated in memory
of Alton Pfaff, with Pastor Wallace Elliott presiding and members
of the Pfaff family present. A covered dish luncheon in the
Fellowship Building followed.
During the worship service preceding the dedication, the note of
indebtedness for the renovation of the church was burned. Former
pastor James V. Salzwedel participated in the service, with mem-
bers of the Renovation and Centennial committees and the
congregation as witnesses.
AN EPIPHANY FESTIVAL
The idea for an Epiphany Festival in 1995 came from the choir
leader, Max Ulrich. Under his direction, the choir, plus several
guest soloists and instrumentalists, presented a special worship
program. The festival began at five o'clock p.m., Sunday, January
8, 1995, with the ringing of the church bell followed by an
Epiphany liturgy and hymn. Several scenes representing the
message of Christmas and Epiphany were presented in song.
Members and children of the congregation, along with soloists
from the community, played various roles. The choir practiced for
many months in preparation. Elaborate costumes, borrowed from
38 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
God, our help in ages past; Qurtopeforyars to come.
the Little Theatre of Winston-Salem, added to the dramatic flavor
of the program. Live green boughs created a backdrop for the
manger scene, set at the front of the sanctuary.
PREPARING TO CELEBRATE THE CENTENNIAL
OF CHRIST CHURCH
Preparations for celebrating the 100th anniversary of Christ Church
began almost 10 years before its occurrence, while James V.
Salzwedel was pastor. He organized a committee which met
regularly for a period of several years before beginning a two-year
series of activities leading to Centennial Sunday, October 27, 1996.
At an official "kick-off dinner on Wednesday, October 19, 1994,
members of the congregation discussed ideas for possible
Centennial projects, and the theme and logo for the anniversary
The theme selected was "O God, our help in ages past; our hope for
years to come..." The logo was a photo of the east end of the
church taken around 1950 after a snowfall. The photo was
inscribed with a banner bearing the words of the theme. Below the
banner were the words "Christ Moravian Church, Winston-
Salem, North Carolina, Organized October 25, 1896." The logo
was used on Centennial memorabilia in the form of plates, cups,
and small bells.
Current and former members of the congregation shared their
memories about Christ Church during dinners and luncheons
Chnsi Moravian Church
Org-miKl October 25. 1996
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 39
God, our help in ages pgt|Ourhopefo r years to come
throughout the two years:
• November 1, 1995, "An Evening of Reminiscing," led by
Fred Disher. Mr. Disher, who joined Christ Church in
1920, and his wife, Gwendolyn, traveled from their home
in Jacksonville, Florida, for this special occasion.
• May 19, 1996, "Tales of Earlier Times," (originally
scheduled for February 4, 1996, but rescheduled due to a
snowstorm) - Jo Hoffman Brown, Bill Cranford, Sibyl
Johnson, Ethel Kalter
• July 14, 1996, "From Generation to Generation," Beulah
Smith, daughter Jeanie Smith Rothrock, grandson Chris
Rothrock, great-grandson Jonathan Rothrock; Margaret
Jarvis Conrad and Marie Jarvis Page; B.W. ("Doodlum")
Saunders; Louise and Tom Shepherd
A special luncheon for Recognition Sunday, April 28, 1996, hon-
ored those who participate in the life of the congregation as
members of the dieners, the choir, the orchestra and band, as
Sunday School teachers, youth leaders, and members of the Board
of Elders and Board of Trustees, and other groups. Former pastors
Richard L. Sides, and his wife, Elizabeth, and James V. Salzwedel
attended. Sarah Tesch Salzwedel, wife of Brother Salzwedel, and
two of her sisters, Mary Elizabeth Tesch Barnes and Ann Tesch
French — all daughters of Bishop and Mrs. Samuel J. Tesch — also
attended, sharing memories of their life in the parsonage during
their father's pastorate at Christ Church.
A memorable singstunde, a worship service in song, was led by
former pastor James V. Salzwedel on Sunday, March 10, 1996.
40 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
God, our help in ages past; Our hope for years to come..
Sabrina Maksi, archivist for the church, prepared many bulletin
board displays of historic photographs for the enjoyment and
education of the congregation. Sibyl Johnson, also an archivist for
the church, traced the descendants of the charter members of the
church to the present generation. This information was outlined on
the bulletin boards in the hall leading to the Schwalbe classroom.
(See Appendix B.) The Reverend William A. Cranford researched
and wrote the history of the church with Sarah Hunter, who edited
and prepared the history for publication. Brother Cranford also led
a series of Wednesday night classes and prepared several programs
about the history of Christ Church.
Sabrina Maksi, Sibyl Johnson, and Bill Cranford, along with John
Chitty, Cleo Disher, Bob and Sarah Hunter, Louellen Saunders, and
Pastor Wallace Elliott served as members of the Centennial
Committee. Clay and Nancy Reid lent considerable support to the
committee's efforts, with Brother Reid handling the videotaping of
most Centennial events. David Ader handled the videotaping on
Centennial Sunday. Jo Brown, Marie Bennett, and the late Alvin
Disher helped with the initial planning efforts which began when
James Salzwedel was pastor.
A Centennial directory was published and specially
designed bulletins were used each Sunday of the
Centennial year. Each bulletin included "Footprints
from the Past!' notes selected by Bill Cranford
from the church history. (See Appendix G.)
Christ Church Congregation, June 1996.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 41
L_OGod, our help in ages past^hogefo r years to come^
CENTENNIAL ORGAN RENOVATION FUND
The Centennial Committee, in cooperation with the Board of
Trustees, voted to focus on renovating the sanctuary organ as the
Centennial project. Everyone — from adults to children — was
asked to contribute a gift of money in increments of 100 (100 pen-
nies, nickels, dollars) to the Centennial Organ Renovation Fund.
This money was to be used for immediate renovation of the organ
and also to establish a continuing fund to support the proper main-
tenance of the organ. A total of approximately $7,000 was
announced at the Centennial Lovefeast.
CENTENNIAL SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1996
After several years of preparing for the Centennial anniversary of
Christ Moravian Church, the time to celebrate arrived on Sunday,
October 27, 1996.
Although it rained early in the morning, around 5:30 a.m., the
weather slowly cleared and the day turned into a beautiful, warm
Wallace C. Elliott
The Centennial services began with Holy Communion at the 1 1 :00
a.m. worship service. The Right Reverend Paul A. Graf, whose
father, the Reverend Vernon I. Graf, served Christ Church as
pastor from 1938-1945, presided at the service. The Reverend
Wallace C. Elliott, current pastor, was assisted by the Reverend
William A. Cranford and the Reverend Samuel B. Marx, M.D.,
during the service. Special music was performed by the choir, a
soloist, and an instrumentalist.
42 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
God, our help in ages past; Ourhogefor years to come ..
Bishop Graf's wife, Jane, and his mother, Evangeline, accompanied
him from Wisconsin to attend the anniversary celebration. Mrs.
Evangeline Graf had served as choir director and organist while her
husband served Christ Church as pastor. Bishop Graf was born
while the Grafs were here. The family moved to Sturgeon Bay,
Wisconsin, when he was six years old.
After the morning communion service, box lunches
were served to the congregation at tables set up on
the lawn under the trees on the east side of the
church. Contributions were accepted to help offset
the cost of the Centennial luncheon.
A truly spectacular birthday cake, with three tiers and
many layers decorated with red frosting roses and topped by a
miniature model of Christ Church (made by Eldon Binkley), was
lovingly donated by Jane Chitty. Before the cake was cut, everyone
sang "Happy Birthday, Christ Church." Mrs. Evangeline Graf was
served the first piece of cake and told those around her that this day
was one of the happiest in her life.
Centennial Dinner on the grounds,
Sunday, October 27, 1996.
The Anniversary Lovefeast followed at 3:00 p.m. Bishop Graf
delivered an inspiring message, tying together the history of the
church with a call to consider the church's approach to its second
hundred years. His title was "The Party's Over.. .Or Is It?" Special
music during the Lovefeast included the Centennial anthem, "Join
We All With One Accord," commissioned through funds received in
memory of John Haxton. Mr. Haxton's family was present to hear
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 43
God, our help in ages past; Ourhope for years to come ..
the anthem, composed by Hal Hopson of Dallas, Texas.
Instrumentalists for the anthem included Jeanie Smith Rothrock
and Sabrina Maksi, handbells, and Richard (Dick) Saunders, Chris
Rothrock, and John Chitty, trombones. Serving at the Lovefeast
for the first time as head dieners were Kay Bennett Butner and
John A. Chitty, replacing Mary Sibyl and Robert L. "Bob"
Johnson, who had served faithfully as head dieners for 32 years.
Attendance at the Holy Communion service totalled 355.
Attendance for the Lovefeast was 262.
BEGINNING A SECOND CENTURY OF SERVICE
As the Centennial celebration concluded, it seemed appropriate to
reflect on the first one hundred years of achievement and to con-
sider how Christ Moravian Church might enter its second century
of service, as Bishop Graf had suggested in his address. Pastor
Wallace Elliott changed "Footsteps from the Past" in the bulletin
on Centennial Sunday to read "Footsteps to the Future" and wrote:
" ...Our present work and mission really depend on all of us
sharing together in the mission to which our Lord has
called us. One hundred years of service! Where do
we go from here? The call to Mission from Christ is
still before us. The fields are whiter than ever for
harvest. Lord, may we live and work and worship
together in faithfulness, trust, and obedience -
engaged in mission for Your sake. Amen!"
Christ Moravian Church, 1996.
44 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
God, our help in ages past; Our hope for years to come..
CHRIST MORAVIAN CHURCH
OCTOBER 25, 1896
The names of the 3 1 charter members are taken from the church
register (1896-1908). The charter members are listed in the register
in the section titled "At the Organization."
Mrs. Rosa R. Brewer
L. Albert Brietz
Mrs. Alice Brietz
R. Hillary Church
Mrs. John Doub
Mr. and Mrs. Lee Hanes
Mrs. James Hedrick
Mrs. Eleanor Jurney
John S. Kimel
Mrs. Ida T. Kimel
Mrs. Harry Mickey
Mrs. Albert Peddycord
Lizetta Pegram (1946- spelled Lizatta)
Mrs. David Robertson
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 45
LIVING DESCENDANTS OF CHARTER MEMBERS
WHO ARE MEMBERS OF
CHRIST MORAVIAN CHURCH
Compiled by Sybil Johnson and Sabrina Maksi,
Archivists of Christ Moravian Church
Several families of current members can trace their roots to the
charter members of Christ Moravian Church. The charter mem-
bers and their living descendants who are current members of
Christ Moravian Church are listed below:
MR. JOHN TRANSOU
MRS. ADA COLLINS PHELPS
Beulah Phelps Smith; Jeanie Smith Rothrock; Terri Ellen Rothrock
Dyson, Zachary Rothrock, Chris Rothrock; Jonathan Rothrock,
MR. AND MRS. LEE HANES
Josephine Hoffman Brown; Beverly A. Brown, David H. Brown;
Jordan Seth Brown
MR. HILLARY CHURCH
Louise Church Shepherd; Sandra Shepherd Davis; Christopher
MR. AND MRS. DAVID ROBERTSON
LIZZIE ROBERTSON (SHEPPARD)
Robert Lee Johnson Jr.; Sabrina Maksi, Donald Gray Johnson Jr.;
Austin W. Johnson
Constance Sheppard Zavistoski; Linda Sheppard Crater; Rick
Crater; Carol Johnson; Bonnie Sheppard Bumgarner;
46 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
APPENDIX B, continued
Stacy Bumgarner; Kenneth E. Sheppard Jr.; Lori Sheppard, Lisa
Sheppard, Aimee Sheppard
David E. Johnson Sr.; David E. Johnson Jr.
MR. ORVILLE PFAFF
The Reverend William A. Cranford; William H. Cranford, Joel
MR. SAM PFAFF
Gladys Pfaff Hicks
Sarah Holton Melton, Ann Holton Raymer; Susan Raymer, Kathy
MRS. ALBERT PEDDYCORD
Eileen Peddycord Chambers
Robert Peddycord; Laura Peddycord, Jennifer Peddycord
Fred C. Disher
Rick M. Disher, M. Scott Disher, Andrew E. Disher
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 47
PASTORS, SUPPLY AND INTERIM PASTORS,
CHRISTIAN EDUCATORS, MISSION WORKERS
CHRIST MORAVIAN CHURCH
Howard E. Rondthaler* 1 896- 1 903
J. Kenneth Pfohl* 1903-1908
John F. McCuiston 1 908- 1 9 1 2
(Pastor McCuiston also served Christ Chapel
as "Assistant Missionary Pastor," 1893-1896)
W. E. Beisiegel 1912-1916
Edgar A. Holton 1 9 1 6- 1 924
Carl J. Helmich* 1 924- 1 937
Vernon I. Graf 1938-1945
Samuel J. Tesch* 1945-1952
John H. Johansen 1 952- 1 956
J. Calvin Barnes 1957-1965
John M. Walker 1 966- 1 975
Harold W. Durham 1 975- 1 978
B. David Smith (Associate pastor) 1977-1982
Richard L. Sides 1978-1981
James V. Salzwedel 1982-1992
Wallace C. Elliott 1993-
* Elected bishops
48 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
APPENDIX C, continued
MEMBERS OF CHRIST CHURCH ORDAINED AS
DEACONS (Deacon is the first order of the ministry of the
Date of ordination Officiating Bishop
November 14, 1905 Edward Rondthaler
at the Provincial Synod
G.E. Brewer June 20, 1937
William A. Cranford June 26, 1949
Clyde G. Barber, Sr. July 13, 1958
Robt. W. Woosley, Jr. July 13, 1958
(Received into the
ordained as a Baptist)
SUPPLY AND INTERIM PASTORS
Ernest H. Stockton
Edwin J. Heath
Edward C. Helmich
Oswald E. Stimpson
J. Calvin Barnes
Thomas W. Haupert
Student assistants were sometimes used during the summer months.
CHRISTIAN EDUCATORS AND YOUTH COORDINATORS
Steve W. Hogan
Julia C. Denham
Julia B. Frye
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 49
APPENDIX C, continued
MISSION WORKERS SUPPORTED BY CHRIST CHURCH
Philip Parabel, Surinam
The Reverend and Mrs. Fred Schwalbe, Alaska 1922-1937
Dr. and Mrs. Samuel Marx, Nicaraugua, Honduras 1949-1990
Dr. Marx was ordained a Presbyter of the Moravian
Church on September 4, 1955.
50 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
LETTERS CONCERNING PHILIP PARABEL,
FIRST MISSIONARY SUPPORTED
BY CHRIST MORAVIAN CHURCH
Philip Parabel was the first missionary supported by Christ
Moravian Church, beginning in 1906. The following letters con-
cerns Philip Parabel and his work.
The first section contains excerpts from a letter written to the
Reverend J.K. Pfohl by the Reverend J. Taylor Hamilton, the
American representative on the Moravian Mission Board at
Herrenhut. The date on the letter is unknown, but it was received
sometime during Brother Pfohl' s pastorate at Christ Moravian,
probably around 1906.
Dear Brother Pfohl
...Philip Parabel 's address is Niew Nickerie, Surinam. He
is a native of Nepaul, India, about 40 years of age, possibly a little
more, and unmarried. Like many of his countrymen, he came to
Surinam in the latter part of the last decade, attracted by the higher
wages paid by the owners of plantations for a certain number of
years. As they are very economical, many of them save enough to
buy small plots of land, and then set up for themselves in Surinam,
growing rice, it may be. Others return to India. Their number may
be inferred from the fact that in and about Niew Nickerie, on the
border of Surinam toward Demerara, and near the coast, it is esti-
mated that more than two thousand of them are now living, a very
considerable number of these being permanent residents and small
land owners, having finished their contracts. Many of them are
Mohammedians, others Hindus in faith. I believe that Parabel
belonged to the latter class. For some years, our church has been
carrying on a distinctive mission among these coolies in and about
Paramaribo, and throughout the colony at large...
Parabel came as a laborer to a plantation known as
Marienburg, where we had a good Christian member, who used to
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 51
gather the Coolies in his home and give them Bible instructions.
Through the instrumentality of this man, Parabel was led to Christ
and baptized by our missionary Gotfried Buck, as I think I men-
tioned in my former letter. From the first he made a good impres-
sion as a serious, quiet, and reliable man. The attention of Brother
Theodore Wenzel, who is in charge of the mission to the coolies,
was attracted to him, and he sent for Parabel, to come to
Paramaribo, that he might train himself as a future evangelist. The
man approved himself and was at first employed in Paramaribo
and its vicinity, under the more immediate supervision of Brother
Wenzel. Then, as he was found to be reliable and staunch, he was
given a more independent sphere — so far as coolie work is con-
cerned, in and around Niew Nickerie...
Parabel's chief work is as follows: to visit his Indian coun-
trymen in their homes, as a colporteur and evangelist, and besides
conversing with them on religious themes, to secure their children
of school age for our mission day school, where of course the aim
is to win them for Christ. Some twelve boys are now in school as
a result of his efforts... another part of Parabel's work is to gather
the infant class or kindergarten scholars in an humble hut thatched
with palm leaves, near the regular school house and teach them.
Brother Hettasch assured me that, to judge from the way the little
Hindus crowd into Parabel's primary school, he is popular with
them. This means they will early be led to Christ, we hope. Then
also he has services in his own house for those of his countrymen
who are willing to come. These partake less of the character of
public worship in the usual sense, but more of the nature of ques-
tion and answer, and religious discussion with inquirers. A house
is being built for Parabel at mission expense, so arranged as to be
suited for these informal services, and also affording him opportu-
nity to shelter overnight any man who may come to him
Nicodemus fashion from a distance. His work is of especial
importance among the men who have finished their contracts, and
have settled down as cultivators of small patches for themselves.
The coolies working on contract have such long hours and must
work so hard that they need their free time for rest, and are in con-
sequence not so accessible as a rule.
J. Taylor Hamilton
52 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
The following letter was written by Philip Parabel in Hindustani
with the English translation written between the lines.
I have got your letter and was very glad of it. I thank you
and your congregation very much. I will tell you now something
about my life. I am born in India, or better, Nepal. There are no
Christians at all. When my father died, I went away from at home
in order to help my father to enter in heaven. (In India, there is a
place of pilgrimage called Yaggauch. If a son takes an offering to
this place after his father's death, it would mean his father will
enter heaven.) When I came to Calcutta a man received me for
Surinam in a deceitful manner. But now I don't say he deceived
me but I say, "the Lord carried me here."
Now I will tell you how I took belief. When I was on the
ship I got a little Christian tract entitled Prashraffer (Question and
Answer) which I liked very much. When I arrived in Surinam I
first suffered much and for this reason I didn't read in this tract for
some time. After one year I began to read in it. Then somebody
gave me a New Testament and I began to read it, but I couldn't
understand it until a fellow countryman of me, Siriman, a Christian,
Then I began to learn the Creed, but I didn't know that I
should have to take baptism. But after some days Brother Siriman
said to me that I should take baptism. Then I was very afraid and
said that I never would turn a Christian, for then other people
would laugh at me. Siriman replied, "Then your belief is infertile
(faith doesn't amount to much). I said, "I believe, but baptism I
can't take." And so he admonished me always, but always I
refuted. But one day I had a strange dream. The dream I will tell
I dreamed that one day I went from my house into the
church to greet Reverend Buck. Mister Buck was sitting in the
room upstairs. I went upstairs and wished to enter and to greet the
minister. But he said: " You can't come to me yet, for you are not
yet ready." From this time I prepared for baptism and some time
afterwards I got baptized.
When Mr. Wensel came, we got some more instruction out
of the Bible. And now I am in the district Nickerie.
I wish to work in the vineyard of the Lord but with respect
to spiritual gifts I am weak and poor.
I am the master of the infant school. At the present time,
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 53
twenty-one children are visiting the school, but every day I must
go out and call them to school. Until now there are only a few
East- Indian Christians at Nickerie. There is a settlement named
Paradise, where numerous East-Indian Hindu people and
Mohammedians are living. There are also some Christians. Every
second Sunday I go there, call the Christian people together, and
then we sing some hymns, read out of the Bible and I explain so
good as I can. In the evening I go back to the town.
Indeed there are until now only a few Christians, but we
trust that the work of the Lord will go on.
I am preaching the Gospel to the Hindu people but it is
very hard to them to leave the one belief and to go over to the
other. They say, "Perhaps is our religion, but we must follow the
religion of our forefathers." They believe in very many gods and
goddesses. The greatest of these are Brahma, Wishroe, and Shiva
My best greetings to you and your congregation. God
54 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
MISSIONARY WORK OF
DR. AND MRS. SAMUEL B. MARX
A "Marx Mission Celebration" was held June 2, 1974 (Whitsunday), to
honor the Marx family and their 25 years of mission work. A commit-
tee headed by Miss Faith Fry planned a special service which included
greetings from special guests, personal reminiscences by Dr. Sam Marx,
a musical medley by the Marx family, and presentation of gifts. The
bulletin for that day gave the following information:
Dr. Samuel B. Marx was born on November 25, 1918 at Poo, Bashakr
State, India, to missionary parents serving there. He was educated in
the public schools of Victoria, Minnesota, graduated from Moravian
College, Moravian Theological Seminary, received his M.D. C. M.
degree from McGill University and served his internship at Reading
Hospital, Reading, Pennsylvania.
He was married to Grace Hoppe on June 16, 1945, in Alberta, Canada.
They have five children. Dr. Marx began mission service in Central
America in April, 1949. He began the medical work at Ahuas,
Honduras and served the Thaeler Hospital several different times during
During his own furloughs, he served on the staff of the Vancouver
Hospital, the Fargo, North Dakota Clinic, Western North Carolina
Sanatorium and the Wapato Medical Center in Wapato, Washington.
Through all of these 25 years of Christian medical service, Mrs. Marx
could use her training as a nurse to work with her husband.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 55
Christ Church "Firsts"
First community survey made: Spring of 1891
First building: Christ Chapel, completed March 18, 1893
First Sunday School organized March 26, 1893, with 56 scholars
and 7 teachers
First visit of Howard E. Rondthaler to Sunday School: Easter
Sunday, April 2, 1893
First baptism, Christ Chapel: Charles Daniel Spainhour,
June 10, 1893
First baptism, Christ Church: Caroline Marie Brietz,
March 7, 1897
First reference to Sunday School orchestra: December 1906 in the
First death, Christ Chapel: Andrew Jackson "Jack" Brown, a
member of Home Church
First death announced by band: Sister Nettie Wade, age 27,
October 16, 1917
First church organ: June 1905
First church organist: S. A. Pfaff
First singing of "Hosanna" and "Morning Star": At Sunday
School, December 24, 1905
First mission worker supported: Philip Parabel of Surinam
First church library: Opened March 1, 1915
First Easter Sunrise Service in which the Christ Church band
played: Easter 1918. The Christ Church band was the first
band to be organized in the Salem Congregation after
First missionary family supported from the home field: Brother
and Sister W. T. and Gertrude Schwalbe
First "Daily Vacation Bible School": June 20- July 1, 1927.
Attendance averaged 141; the only Bible school held at
this time other than at the Home Church.
First Band-Choir concert: April 3, 1927
First Board of Christian Education at Christ Church: Created
October 17, 1933
First use of Sunday School graded lessons: 1924
First electric lights in parsonage: 1905
First member elected to the Provincial Elders' Conference:
Alton F. Pfaff
56 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
"Footsteps from the Past"
A Sampling of the Historical Notes from Research for
Christ Moravian Church: The First One Hundred Years
Used in the Sunday Worship Bulletin During the Centennial
The "Hosanna" and "Morning Star" were sung at Christ Church for
the first time on December 24, 1905, by children of the Sunday
At a meeting on January 12, 1909, the Board of Elders worked out
a schedule for communions and lovef easts: Communion services
would be held the fourth Sunday in January at the morning service;
Maundy Thursday at night; Whit Sunday in the morning; the
Sunday evening nearest August 13; and the Sunday morning nearest
the church anniversary, October 25. Lovefeasts would be held the
first Sunday in June; the Sunday nearest October 25; and on
Christmas Day at 4:00 p.m.
As the congregation was leaving the church on March 4, 1917, a
wind and snow storm came up. A few people remained at the
church, others stopped at nearby houses. Eugene Church lost his
Christ Chapel was dedicated on April 9, 1893. The watchword for
that day was: "/ will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I
will not turn from them!' ( Jeremiah 32:40) The doctrinal text for
the day was: "As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord,
so walk ye in him!' (Colossians 2:6)
At one time, the Christ Church band played the Easter morning ser-
vice at Macedonia. The congregation would assemble in church for
the morning service and then come out in front of the church and
proceed to the graveyard for the final part of the service. Later in
the year the band was invited to a dinner given by the congregation.
Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 57
Services were cancelled during the month of October 1918, due to
the flu epidemic. Six thousand cases of "Spanish influenza" were
reported in the city; fifty cases were reported within the congrega-
The only known copy of the History of Christ Chapel is in the
While visiting in the community as a young man, television star
Andy Griffith sang in the senior choir of Christ Church.
In the early years, on moonlit evenings, men would come to the
church to work on the grounds. Could this be considered an early
form of "moonlighting" by Christ Church members?
The first name chosen for the development to the west and south-
west of the church was "Kunvald" for the valley where the first
congregation of the Unitas Fratrum was begun. It was later
changed to "Granville Place."
In 1916 eleven chickens were donated by three Sunday school
classes to Moravian Theological Seminary for Thanksgiving
dinner. Did this suggest that learning to eat chicken was part of a
Death announcements by the band were at one time played from
the bell tower, and announcements of deaths continued to be made
by the band as late as the 1970s. The first announcement of a
death from the church tower was made on October 16, 1917, when
Sister Nettie Wade passed away at the age of 27.
Lora Pilcher Saunders, the oldest living member of Christ Church,
celebrated her 102nd birthday during the church's Centennial year.
Mrs. Saunders, the wife of the late J.O. Saunders Sr., became a
member of Christ Church in 1925. (Mrs. Saunders passed away
October 3, 1997.)
58 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church
UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL
FOR USE ONLY IN
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION
Form No. A-368, Rev. 8/95